In this background paper, we define civic service across the continuum of volunteerism, and recommend that service role and institutional linkages to the service role be defining aspects. We then review volunteerism surveys to inform how civic service can be measured. We include draft survey items. We hope that this review will generate ideas for how to define and measure civic service at the program level and the national level.
Project: Civic Engagement and Service
Tang, F., McBride, A. M., & Sherraden, M. (2003). Toward measurement of civic service (CSD Report No. 03-33). St. Louis, MO: Washington University, Center for Social Development.