CSD researchers find ‘incomplete democracy’ in St. Louis City and County
10/31/2018

​In St. Louis and St. Louis County, voter registration and voting are lower in ZIP codes with more black residents, according to a new study from researchers at the Center for Social Development (CSD) at Washington University in St. Louis.

Registration and voting are higher in ZIP codes with higher income, and they are higher in ZIP codes where residents have at least a high school education, according to “Incomplete Democracy: The Relationship of Race, Income, and Education to Voter Participation.”

Researchers from the Voter Access and Engagement initiative at CSD present findings from ZIP code-level analyses of voting and registration data in the city and county. The authors propose a two-pronged strategy for strengthening electoral participation and offer specific policy recommendations.