Motley, R. O., Jr., Chen, Y.-C., Johnson, C., & Joe, S. (2020). Exposure to community-based violence on social media among Black male emerging adults involved with the criminal justice system. Social Work Research, 44(2), 87–97. https://doi.org/10.1093/swr/svaa002
Negative emotional responses tied to identity of the perpetrator.
Motley, R. O., Jr., Sewell, W., & Chen, Y.-C. (2017). Community violence exposure and risk taking behaviors among Black emerging adults: A systematic review. Journal of Community Health, 42(5), 1069–1078. doi:10.1007/s10900-017-0353-4