As mass incarceration in the United States gives way to smart decarceration, barriers abound for the formerly incarcerated and recidivism remains a common problem. How can reentry services give formerly incarcerated individuals the best shot at successfully reintegrating into society?
This study proposes a new framework—the Well-Being Development Model (WBDM)—to guide the development, delivery, and evaluation of reentry services and supports. Noting that the best chances for successful reentry come from shifting away from deficits-centered approaches, the authors identify ways to build well-being development into current reentry models and to address disparities in the criminal-justice system. The new model, they suggest, “allows individuals to develop well-being while policy makers promote public health and public safety and work toward racial and economic equity.”
Pettus, C., Veeh, C. A., Renn, T. R., & Kennedy, S. C. (2021). The Well-Being Development Model: A theoretical model to improve outcomes among criminal justice system–involved individuals. Social Service Review, 95(2), 413–468. https://doi.org/10.1086/715852