The purpose of this paper is to explore a range of possible limitations and criticisms of service, and to suggest ways to address and research these limitations. We first explore definitions and types of service, and review research regarding what is known about service. Then we examine possible limitations of civic service programs from three perspectives, elitism, state interests, and imperialism. Finally, implications of these possible limitations are drawn for civic service practice, policy, and research.
Project: Civic Engagement and Service