Asset Building Financial Inclusion Working Paper

Aspects of Outreach: A Framework for the Discussion of the Social Benefits of Microfinance

Wide agreement about the goal of microfinance—to improve the welfare of the poor—has not led to wide agreement about how best to achieve that goal. To aid discussion, I propose a framework for outreach—the social benefits of microfinance—in terms of six aspects: worth, cost, depth, breadth, length, and scope. The framework encompasses both the poverty approach to microfinance and the self-sustainability approach. The poverty approach assumes that great depth of outreach can compensate for narrow breadth, short length, and limited scope. The self-sustainability approach assumes that wide breadth, long length, and ample scope can compensate for shallow depth. I show how to use the framework for BancoSol of Bolivia.

Project: Microfinance


Schreiner, M. (1999).  Aspects of outreach: A framework for the discussion of the social benefits of microfinance (CSD Working Paper No. 99-3). St. Louis, MO:  Washington University, Center for Social Development.