Asset Building Briefs & Summaries Financial Inclusion

Research Summary: Testing Universal College Savings Accounts at Birth: Early Research From SEED for Oklahoma Kids

SEED for Oklahoma Kids is a large-scale policy test of automatic and progressive Child Development Accounts (CDAs), and it is the first truly universal model in the United States. The SEED OK CDA is universal in that it opens an Oklahoma 529 College Savings Plan (OK 529) account on behalf of every infant in the treatment group. This report summarizes key findings and conclusions from SEED for Oklahoma Kids research. Even at this early stage, SEED OK research is informing policy and the design of college savings plans at the state level. A more recent summary of SEED OK research is also available.

Project: SEED for Oklahoma Kids


Beverly, S. G., Clancy, M., & Sherraden, M. (2014, April). Testing universal college savings accounts at birth: Early research from SEED for Oklahoma Kids (CSD Research Summary No. 14-08). St. Louis, MO: Washington University, Center for Social Development.