Do the race and income of the communities where polling sites are located shape the conditions voters encounter at the polls? Do those conditions influence turnout?
This study presents results from analyses of data on polling conditions in St. Louis and St. Louis County, Missouri. Finding variation in polling conditions and turnout, the authors note that systemic elements, such as the adequacy of staffing and the length of wait times, are not typically considered instruments of intentional voter suppression but may have the same effect.
Project: Voter Access & Engagement