Articles & Special Issues Financial Capability Financial Inclusion

Private Supplementary Tutoring Expenditures and Children’s Learning Outcomes: Gender and Locational Evidence from Ghana

In developing economies, private tutoring is commonly seen as a way to supplement formal schooling, but does it affect learning outcomes?

This study draws upon data from the Seventh Ghana Living Standard Survey to examine the effects of private tutoring expenditures on the learning outcomes of 2,095 sampled households. Finding that effects vary by gender and locality, the authors draw implications for policy.

Project: Financial Capability & Asset Building in Africa (FCAB Africa)


Ansong, D., Koomson, I., Okumu, M., Alhassan, M., Makubuya, T., & Abreh, M. K. (2023). Private supplementary tutoring expenditures and children’s learning outcomes: Gender and locational evidence from Ghana. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 76, Article 101232.