This study will address the following research questions: How are 1) intentions to complete school, 2) grade point average (GPA), and 3) suspensions influenced by gender, living arrangement, religiosity, exposure to academic success, and perceptions of neighborhood for African American youth?
Williams, T., Davis, L., Miller-Cribbs, J., Saunders, J., & Williams, J.H. (2002). Friends, family and neighborhood: Understanding academic outcomes of African American youth (CSD Working Paper No. 02-6). St. Louis, MO: Washington University, Center for Social Development.